Les familles botaniques des plantes

Le nombre d’espèces botaniques distinctes enregistrées dans le monde est impressionnant. 500 espèces de conifères, 12 000 espèces de fougères, 14 000 espèces de mousses et 300 000 espèces différentes de plantes à fleurs. Mais comment pouvons-nous nous retrouver avec une telle diversité ? Au sein de ce groupe géant de plantes, les botanistes ont imaginé des moyens d’organiser un peu les choses en décomposant les plantes en petits groupes appelés familles botaniques.

D’une part, chaque espèce de plante à fleurs prend l’une des deux formes lorsqu’elle émerge de la graine. Soit une espèce a une feuille quand elle pousse en premier, soit elle en a deux. Les plantes avec une seule feuille de graine sont appelées monocotylédones, et les plantes avec deux feuilles de graine sont appelées dicotylédones. Les monocotylédones sont moins courantes et représentent environ 50 000 espèces dans le monde.

Mais il y a beaucoup d’autres caractéristiques qui aident les botanistes à mettre un peu d’ordre. La forme des feuilles, les formations de graines et les types de fleurs ne sont que quelques-uns.

Sur Floralia Nature, vous pourrez retrouver quelques-unes de ces familles. Malheureusement, la grande diversité du monde botanique et l’évolution constante dans les découvertes ne nous permettra jamais de vous proposer un glossaire complet et à jour constamment.

Nous vous proposons toutefois un glossaire suffisamment complet pour en apprendre plus sur ce merveilleux univers.

A

FamilleGenre
AcanthaceaeAcanthus, Crossandra, Justicia, Pachystachys, Strobilanthes, Thunbergia, Aphelandra, Hypoestes, Anisacanthus, Asystasia, Barleria, Carlowrightia, Dicliptera, Dyschoriste, Eranthemum, Fittonia, Graptophyllum, Hemigraphis, Hygrophila, Mackaya, Megaskepasma, Odontonema, Pseuderanthemum, Ruellia, Ruttya, Sanchezia, Schaueria, Stenandrium
AceraceaeAcer
AchatocarpaceaePhaulothamnus
AcoraceaeAcorus
ActinidiaceaeActinidia
AdiantaceaeAdiantum, Anogramma, Coniogramme, Pityrogramma
AdoxaceaeAdoxa
AgavaceaeAgave, Cordyline, Hesperaloe, Polianthes, Sansevieria, Yucca, Nolina, Beschorneria, Furcraea, Phormium
AizoaceaeCarpobrotus, Delosperma, Disphyma, Dorotheanthus, Mesembryanthemum, Pleiospilos, Sesuvium, Tetragonia, Aptenia, Acrodon, Aizoon, Aloinopsis, Argyroderma, Astridia, Bergeranthus, Bijlia, Carpanthea, Carruanthus, Cephalophyllum, Cerochlamys, Cheiridopsis, Conicosia, Conophytum, Cypselea, Deilanthe, Dinteranthus, Drosanthemum, Erepsia, Faucaria, Gibbaeum, Glottiphyllum, Hereroa, Lampranthus, Lithops, Malephora, Mitrophyllum, Monilaria, Nananthus, Oophytum, Rabiea, Rhombophyllum, Ruschia, Sceletium, Schwantesia, Stomatium, Tanquana, Titanopsis, Trichodiadema
AlangiaceaeAlangium
AlismataceaeAlisma, Baldellia, Caldesia, Damasonium, Luronium, Sagittaria
AlliaceaeAgapanthus, Allium, Bessera, Brodiaea, Triteleia, Tulbaghia, Leucocoryne
AloaceaeAloe, Haworthia, Astroloba, Gasteria
AlseuosmiaceaeWittsteinia
AlstroemeriaceaeAlstroemeria, Bomarea
AltingiaceaeLiquidambar
AmaranthaceaeAchyranthes, Alternanthera, Amaranthus, Bassia, Dysphania, Salicornia, Salsola, Suaeda, Celosia, Gomphrena, Halimione, Iresine, Aerva, Froelichia, Ptilotus, Tidestromia
AmaryllidaceaeAmaryllis, Clivia, Crinum, Cyrtanthus, Galanthus, Leucojum, Lycoris, Narcissus, Nerine, Pancratium, Sternbergia, Zephyranthes, Habranthus, Acis, Ammocharis, Boophone, Brunsvigia, Haemanthus, Hippeastrum, Hymenocallis, Phaedranassa, Rhodophiala, Worsleya
AnacardiaceaeCotinus, Pistacia, Rhus, Schinus, Mangifera, Anacardium, Malosma, Metopium, Operculicarya, Pachycormus, Sclerocarya, Searsia, Spondias, Toxicodendron
AnnonaceaeAsimina, Annona, Artabotrys, Cananga, Monodora
AnthericaceaeAnemarrhena, Anthericum, Arthropodium, Chlorophytum, Dichopogon, Thysanotus
ApiaceaeAciphylla, Aegopodium, Aethusa, Ammi, Anethum, Angelica, Anthriscus, Apium, Arracacia, Astrantia, Azorella, Berula, Bifora, Bolax, Bunium, Bupleurum, Carum, Caucalis, Centella, Chaerophyllum, Cicuta, Cnidium, Conium, Conopodium, Coriandrum, Crithmum, Cryptotaenia, Cyclospermum, Cymopterus, Daucus, Echinophora, Erigenia, Eryngium, Falcaria, Ferula, Foeniculum, Glehnia, Heracleum, Lagoecia, Laser, Laserpitium, Levisticum, Ligusticum, Lomatium, Meum, Molopospermum, Musineon, Myrrhis, Oenanthe, Opopanax, Orlaya, Orogenia, Osmorhiza, Pastinaca, Perideridia, Petroselinum, Peucedanum, Pimpinella, Pleurospermum, Ridolfia, Sanicula, Scandix, Selinum, Silaum, Sison, Sium, Smyrnium, Thapsia, Tordylium, Torilis, Trachyspermum, Trinia, Turgenia, Zizia, Cuminum, Lilaeopsis, Melanoselinum, Taenidia, Trachymene
ApocynaceaeAllamanda, Amsonia, Apocynum, Asclepias, Aspidosperma, Catharanthus, Ceropegia, Cynanchum, Fockea, Hoya, Mandevilla, Metaplexis, Nerium, Pachypodium, Peltaria, Periploca, Plumeria, Stapelia, Trachelospermum, Vinca, Vincetoxicum, Adenium, Araujia, Dregea, Angadenia, Calotropis, Caralluma, Carissa, Cryptostegia, Dischidia, Hoodia, Huernia, Matelea, Morrenia, Ochrosia, Orbea, Peltophorum, Pergularia, Rhabdadenia, Sarcostemma, Strophanthus, Tabernaemontana, Tavaresia, Telosma
AponogetonaceaeAponogeton
AquifoliaceaeIlex, Nemopanthus
AraceaeAlocasia, Amorphophallus, Arisaema, Arisarum, Arum, Calla, Colocasia, Dieffenbachia, Lemna, Lysichiton, Orontium, Peltandra, Pinellia, Symplocarpus, Wolffia, Dracunculus, Monstera, Pistia, Zamioculcas, Zantedeschia, Aglaonema, Anthurium, Anubias, Caladium, Cyrtosperma, Dracontium, Epipremnum, Helicodiceros, Philodendron, Remusatia, Rhaphidophora, Spathiphyllum, Syngonium, Typhonodorum, Xanthosoma
AraliaceaeAralia, Eleutherococcus, Hedera, Hydrocotyle, Kalopanax, Oplopanax, Panax, Polyscias, Pseudopanax, Schefflera, Tetrapanax, Fatsia, Cussonia, Metapanax, Oreopanax, Stilbocarpa, Trevesia
AraucariaceaeAgathis, Araucaria, Wollemia
ArecaceaeArenga, Bismarckia, Brahea, Butia, Ceroxylon, Chamaedorea, Chamaerops, Cocos, Cyrtostachys, Dypsis, Howea, Hyophorbe, Jubaea, Livistona, Parajubaea, Phoenix, Pritchardia, Roystonea, Sabal, Serenoa, Syagrus, Trachycarpus, Washingtonia, Archontophoenix, Caryota, Acanthophoenix, Acoelorrhaphe, Acrocomia, Adonidia, Aiphanes, Areca, Astrocaryum, Attalea, Bactris, Beccariophoenix, Bentinckia, Borassus, Calyptrogyne, Carpentaria, Chambeyronia, Coccothrinax, Copernicia, Corypha, Cryosophila, Desmoncus, Dictyosperma, Elaeis, Euterpe, Gaussia, Hedyscepe, Hyphaene, Jubaeopsis, Latania, Lemurophoenix, Lepidorrhachis, Leucothrinax, Licuala, Lodoicea, Lytocaryum, Marojejya, Mauritia, Metroxylon, Normanbya, Nypa, Phoenicophorium, Prestoea, Pseudophoenix, Ptychosperma, Raphia, Ravenea, Reinhardtia, Rhapidophyllum, Rhapis, Rhopalostylis, Salacca, Thrinax, Trithrinax, Veitchia, Verschaffeltia, Wallichia, Welfia, Wodyetia, Zombia
AristolochiaceaeAristolochia, Asarum, Saruma
AsclepiadaceaeStephanotis
AsparagaceaeAphyllanthes, Asparagus, Bellevalia, Brimeura, Dipcadi, Hyacinthoïdes, Maianthemum, Ornithogalum, Paradisea, Scilla, Urginea, Ruscus, Ledebouria, Oziroe, Reineckea, Veltheimia
AsphodelaceaeAsphodeline, Asphodelus, Bulbine, Bulbinella, Eremurus, Kniphofia
AspleniaceaeAsplenium
AsteliaceaeAstelia
AsteraceaeAchillea, Adenostyles, Ageratina, Ageratum, Agoseris, Ambrosia, Anacyclus, Anaphalis, Andryala, Antennaria, Anthemis, Aposeris, Arctium, Argyranthemum, Arnica, Arnoseris, Artemisia, Aster, Baccharis, Balsamorhiza, Bellis, Bellium, Berlandiera, Bidens, Boltonia, Brachyglottis, Buphthalmum, Calendula, Callistephus, Carduus, Carlina, Carpesium, Carthamus, Catananche, Centaurea, Centipeda, Chaenactis, Chamaemelum, Cheirolophus, Chiliotrichum, Chondrilla, Chrysanthemum, Chrysogonum, Chrysothamnus, Cicerbita, Cichorium, Cirsium, Cnicus, Coleostephus, Conoclinium, Conyza, Coreopsis, Cosmos, Cotula, Crepis, Cynara, Dahlia, Dittrichia, Doronicum, Echinops, Eclipta, Emilia, Encelia, Ericameria, Erigeron, Eupatorium, Euryops, Farfugium, Felicia, Gaillardia, Galactites, Galinsoga, Glebionis, Gnaphalium, Grindelia, Guizotia, Gundelia, Gutierrezia, Helenium, Helianthus, Helichrysum, Hieracium, Homogyne, Hymenoxys, Hypochaeris, Inula, Iva, Ixeris, Lactuca, Lapsana, Lasthenia, Layia, Leontodon, Leontopodium, Leonurus, Leptinella, Leucanthemella, Leucanthemopsis, Leucanthemum, Liatris, Ligularia, Lygodesmia, Madia, Mantisalca, Matricaria, Microseris, Mycelis, Nabalus, Olearia, Omalotheca, Onopordum, Otanthus, Ozothamnus, Packera, Parthenium, Pectis, Pericome, Petasites, Picris, Prenanthes, Pseudognaphalium, Ptilostemon, Pulicaria, Pyrrhopappus, Raoulia, Ratibida, Reichardia, Rhagadiolus, Rudbeckia, Santolina, Saussurea, Scolymus, Scorzonera, Senecio, Serratula, Silphium, Silybum, Solidago, Sonchus, Staehelina, Stevia, Stokesia, Symphyotrichum, Tagetes, Taraxacum, Telekia, Tragopogon, Tussilago, Urospermum, Vernonia, Xanthium, Acmella, Ajania, Asteriscus, Berkheya, Smallanthus, Acanthospermum, Amblyolepis, Ammobium, Aphanostephus, Arctotheca, Arctotis, Argyroxiphium, Arnoglossum, Atrichoseris, Bahia, Baileya, Balduina, Balsamita, Blepharipappus, Borrichia, Brachyscome, Brickellia, Calomeria, Calycoseris, Calyptocarpus, Canadanthus, Carphephorus, Cassinia, Celmisia, Chaetopappa, Chaptalia, Chromolaena, Chrysactinia, Chrysanthemoides, Chrysocephalum, Chrysocoma, Chrysopsis, Cladanthus, Corethrogyne, Craspedia, Crupina, Delairea, Dimorphotheca, Doellingeria, Enceliopsis, Eriophyllum, Eurybia, Euthamia, Eutrochium, Facelis, Filago, Flaveria, Fleischmannia, Gamochaeta, Garberia, Gazania, Geraea, Gerbera, Gochnatia, Gymnosperma, Gynura, Heliomeris, Heterotheca, Hymenopappus, Ismelia, Isocoma, Jefea, Kleinia, Krigia, Laennecia, Leucogenes, Lindheimera, Machaeranthera, Malacothrix, Melampodium, Melanthera, Mikania, Montanoa, Mutisia, Nothocalais, Oclemena, Oncosiphon, Osteospermum, Othonna, Pachystegia, Palafoxia, Phoebanthus, Pinaropappus, Pityopsis, Plateilema, Plecostachys, Pluchea, Pseudoclappia, Psilostrophe, Pterocaulon, Rafinesquia, Rayjacksonia, Rhodanthe, Rhodanthemum, Sanvitalia, Schoenia, Trixis, Verbesina, Xerochrysum, Zinnia
AzollaceaeAzolla

B

FamilleGenre
BalsaminaceaeImpatiens
BasellaceaeAnredera, Basella
BataceaeBatis
BegoniaceaeBegonia
BerberidaceaeBerberis, Bongardia, Caulophyllum, Diphylleia, Epimedium, Jeffersonia, Leontice, Mahonia, Nandina, Podophyllum, Achlys, Dysosma, Vancouveria
BetulaceaeAlnus, Betula, Carpinus, Corylus, Ostrya
BignoniaceaeBignonia, Campsis, Catalpa, Chilopsis, Crescentia, Incarvillea, Tecoma, Jacaranda, Podranea, Amphitecna, Eccremocarpus, Handroanthus, Kigelia, Oroxylum, Pandorea, Pyrostegia, Radermachera, Rhigozum, Spathodea, Tabebuia, Tecomanthe
BixaceaeBixa, Cochlospermum
BlandfordiaceaeBlandfordia
BlechnaceaeBlechnum, Woodwardia, Doodia, Stenochlaena
BombacaceaeAdansonia, Bombax, Ceiba
BoraginaceaeAlkanna, Amsinckia, Anchusa, Asperugo, Borago, Brunnera, Buglossoides, Cerinthe, Cynoglossum, Echium, Heliotropium, Lithodora, Lithospermum, Mertensia, Myosotis, Omphalodes, Pentaglottis, Pulmonaria, Symphytum, Trachystemon, Argusia, Cordia, Cryptantha, Macromeria, Nonea, Onosma
BoweniaceaeBowenia
BrassicaceaeAlliaria, Alyssoides, Alyssum, Arabidopsis, Arabis, Armoracia, Aubrieta, Aurinia, Barbarea, Berteroa, Biscutella, Blackstonia, Brassica, Bunias, Cakile, Calepina, Camelina, Capsella, Cardamine, Cardaria, Caulanthus, Chorispora, Cochlearia, Coincya, Conringia, Coronopus, Crambe, Descurainia, Diplotaxis, Draba, Erophila, Eruca, Erucastrum, Erysimum, Fibigia, Hesperis, Hirschfeldia, Iberis, Isatis, Kernera, Lepidium, Lobularia, Lunaria, Malcolmia, Matthiola, Moricandia, Morisia, Myagrum, Nasturtium, Orychophragmus, Raphanus, Rapistrum, Rorippa, Sinapis, Sisymbrium, Stanleya, Subularia, Succowia, Teesdalia, Thlaspi, Aethionema, Farsetia, Heliophila, Petrocallis, Physaria, Schivereckia, Schizopetalon, Streptanthus, Thysanocarpus
BromeliaceaeAechmea, Ananas, Billbergia, Dyckia, Greigia, Puya, Tillandsia, Bromelia, Catopsis, Cryptanthus, Deuterocohnia, Fosterella, Guzmania, Hechtia, Hohenbergia, Neoregelia, Nidularium, Ochagavia, Orthophytum, Portea, Quesnelia, Vriesea
BruniaceaeBrunia
BuddleiaceaeBuddleia
BurseraceaeCanarium, Boswellia, Bursera, Commiphora, Dacryodes
ButomaceaeButomus
BuxaceaeBuxus, Pachysandra, Sarcococca
ByblidaceaeByblis

C

FamilleGenre
CabombaceaeBrasenia, Cabomba
CactaceaeAriocarpus, Astrophytum, Carnegiea, Echinocactus, Echinocereus, Gymnocalycium, Opuntia, Browningia, Disocactus, Mammillaria, Acanthocalycium, Acanthocereus, Arrojadoa, Arthrocereus, Austrocactus, Aztekium, Bergerocactus, Blossfeldia, Brasiliopuntia, Cephalocereus, Cereus, Cleistocactus, Coleocephalocereus, Consolea, Corryocactus, Coryphantha, Discocactus, Echinomastus, Echinopsis, Epiphyllum, Escobaria, Espostoa, Eulychnia, Facheiroa, Harrisia, Hatiora, Leuchtenbergia, Lophophora, Myrtillocactus, Pachycereus, Parodia, Pelecyphora, Schlumbergera, Selenicereus, Weberocereus
CalycanthaceaeCalycanthus, Chimonanthus
CampanulaceaeAdenophora, Azorina, Brighamia, Campanula, Codonopsis, Cyananthus, Jasione, Legousia, Lobelia, Phyteuma, Platycodon, Pratia, Trachelium, Canarina, Centropogon, Clermontia
CanellaceaeCanella
CannabaceaeCannabis, Humulus
CannaceaeCanna
CapparaceaeCapparis, Cleome, Boscia, Crateva
CaprifoliaceaeAbelia, Diervilla, Dipelta, Dipsacus, Heptacodium, Kolkwitzia, Leycesteria, Linnaea, Lonicera, Sambucus, Symphoricarpos, Triosteum, Valeriana, Viburnum, Weigela
CaricaceaeCarica
CaryocaraceaeCaryocar
CaryophyllaceaeAgrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Cucubalus, Dianthus, Drymaria, Gypsophila, Herniaria, Honckenya, Illecebrum, Lychnis, Minuartia, Moehringia, Myosoton, Paronychia, Petrorhagia, Polycarpon, Sagina, Saponaria, Scleranthus, Silene, Spergula, Spergularia, Stellaria, Vaccaria
CasuarinaceaeCasuarina, Allocasuarina
CecropiaceaeCecropia
CelastraceaeCelastrus, Euonymus, Crossopetalum, Maytenus, Tripterygium
CephalotaceaeCephalotus
CephalotaxaceaeCephalotaxus, Torreya
CeratophyllaceaeCeratophyllum
CercidiphyllaceaeCercidiphyllum
ChenopodiaceaeAtriplex, Beta, Camphorosma, Chenopodium, Cycloloma, Enchylaena, Spinacia, Rhagodia, Sarcobatus
ChloranthaceaeChloranthus
ChrysobalanaceaeChrysobalanus, Licania
CistaceaeCistus, Halimium, Helianthemum
ClethraceaeClethra
ClusiaceaeCalophyllum, Clusia
CneoraceaeCneorum
ColchicaceaeColchicum, Gloriosa, Sandersonia, Bulbocodium, Burchardia
CombretaceaeAnogeissus, Combretum, Conocarpus, Laguncularia, Terminalia
CommelinaceaeCommelina, Tradescantia, Callisia, Cochliostema, Cyanotis, Dichorisandra
CompositaeEchinacea, Kalimeris, Leuzea, Tanacetum, Acourtia, Cacalia, Cymbonotus, Leibnitzia, Pilosella, Podolepis, Polymnia, Viguiera, Wyethia, Youngia
ConvallariaceaeAspidistra, Clintonia, Disporopsis, Disporum, Ophiopogon, Polygonatum, Rohdea
ConvolvulaceaeCalystegia, Convolvulus, Cuscuta, Dichondra, Ipomoea, Argyreia, Evolvulus
CoriariaceaeCoriaria
CornaceaeCornus, Griselinia, Nyssa, Aucuba
CorynocarpaceaeCorynocarpus
CostaceaeCheilocostus, Costus, Tapeinochilos
CrassulaceaeAdromischus, Aeonium, Dudleya, Echeveria, Jovibarba, Kalanchoe, Pachyphytum, Penthorum, Rhodiola, Sedum, Sempervivum, Umbilicus, Chiastophyllum, Crassula, Aichryson, Graptopetalum, Monanthes, Rosularia, Tylecodon, Villadia
CruciferaePringlea, Wasabia
CucurbitaceaeAbobra, Benincasa, Bryonia, Citrullus, Coccinia, Cucumis, Cucurbita, Cyclanthera, Ecballium, Echinocystis, Gynostemma, Lagenaria, Apodanthera, Brandegea, Diplocyclos, Herpetospermum, Marah, Sechium, Sicyos, Thladiantha, Trichosanthes
CunoniaceaeEucryphia, Bauera, Callicoma, Ceratopetalum, Weinmannia
CupressaceaeCallitris, Calocedrus, Chamaecyparis, Cupressus, Juniperus, Thuja, Thujopsis, Libocedrus, Microbiota
CyatheaceaeCyathea
CycadaceaeCycas
CyclanthaceaeCarludovica, Cyclanthus
CyperaceaeBlysmus, Carex, Cladium, Cyperus, Eleocharis, Eriophorum, Scirpus, Rhynchospora, Uncinia, Dulichium, Isolepis, Kyllinga
CyrillaceaeCliftonia, Cyrilla
CytinaceaeCytinus

D

FamilleGenre
DaphniphyllaceaeDaphniphyllum
DatiscaceaeDatisca
DennstaedtiaceaePteridium, Dennstaedtia
DiapensiaceaeDiapensia, Galax
DicksoniaceaeCibotium, Dicksonia
DidiereaceaeAlluaudia, Decarya, Didierea
DilleniaceaeDillenia
DioscoreaceaeDioscorea, Tamus
DipsacaceaeCephalaria, Knautia, Scabiosa, Succisa
DoryanthaceaeDoryanthes
DracaenaceaeDasylirion, Dracaena
DroseraceaeAldrovanda, Dionaea, Drosera
DrosophyllaceaeDrosophyllum
DryopteridaceaeCyrtomium, Dryopteris, Polystichum, Arachniodes

E

FamilleGenre
EbenaceaeDiospyros
ElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus, Hippophae, Shepherdia
ElaeocarpaceaeAristotelia, Crinodendron, Elaeocarpus
ElatinaceaeElatine
EmpetraceaeCorema, Empetrum, Ceratiola
EpacridaceaeAcrotriche, Astroloma, Cyathodes, Dracophyllum, Epacris, Leucopogon, Lissanthe, Monotoca, Pentachondra, Styphelia, Trochocarpa
EphedraceaeEphedra
EquisetaceaeEquisetum
EricaceaeAndromeda, Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Calluna, Cassiope, Chamaedaphne, Chimaphila, Enkianthus, Epigaea, Erica, Gaultheria, Gaylussacia, Kalmia, Ledum, Leucothoe, Lyonia, Menziesia, Moneses, Monotropa, Orthilia, Oxydendrum, Phyllodoce, Pieris, Pyrola, Rhododendron, Vaccinium, Zenobia, Daboecia, Agarista, Elliottia, Eubotrys
EriocaulaceaeEriocaulon
EscalloniaceaeCorokia, Escallonia
EucommiaceaeEucommia
EuphorbiaceaeAcalypha, Chrozophora, Euphorbia, Jatropha, Mercurialis, Codiaeum, Ricinus, Aleurites, Bischofia, Breynia, Cnidoscolus, Croton, Excoecaria, Hura, Sapium, Securinega
EupteleaceaeEuptelea

F

FamilleGenre
FabaceaeAcacia, Adenocarpus, Albizia, Alhagi, Amicia, Amphicarpaea, Anagyris, Anthyllis, Apios, Arachis, Argyrolobium, Aspalathus, Astragalus, Baptisia, Bauhinia, Caesalpinia, Calicotome, Calliandra, Campylotropis, Caragana, Castanospermum, Centrosema, Ceratonia, Chamaecrista, Chamaecytisus, Cicer, Colutea, Coronilla, Cytisus, Dalea, Desmanthus, Desmodium, Dorycnium, Echinospartum, Erinacea, Erythrina, Genista, Glycyrrhiza, Hedysarum, Laburnum, Lathyrus, Lens, Lupinus, Medicago, Melilotus, Mimosa, Ononis, Phaseolus, Pisum, Robinia, Scorpiurus, Trifolium, Ulex, Vicia, Aeschynomene, Gleditsia, Glycine, Lablab, Trigonella, Afzelia, Alysicarpus, Amherstia, Andira, Argyrocytisus, Bolusanthus, Bossiaea, Brownea, Brya, Butea, Canavalia, Carmichaelia, Cassia, Chorizema, Clitoria, Colophospermum, Crotalaria, Dalbergia, Delonix, Dichrostachys, Dipogon, Ebenopsis, Entada, Enterolobium, Eutaxia, Eysenhardtia, Gompholobium, Hippocrepis, Oxytropis, Sesbania
FagaceaeCastanea, Castanopsis, Chrysolepis, Fagus, Lithocarpus, Quercus
FlacourtiaceaeAzara, Berberidopsis, Dovyalis, Idesia
FontinalaceaeFontinalis
FrankeniaceaeFrankenia
FumariaceaeCorydalis, Dicentra, Adlumia, Capnoides

G

FamilleGenre
GarryaceaeGarrya
GentianaceaeCentaurium, Cicendia, Gentiana, Gentianella, Exacum, Eustoma, Frasera, Sabatia, Sebaea, Swertia
GeraniaceaeErodium, Geranium, Pelargonium, California
GesneriaceaeConandron, Sinningia, Achimenes, Aeschynanthus, Columnea, Cyrtandra, Episcia, Nematanthus, Rehmannia
GinkgoaceaeGinkgo
GoodeniaceaeDampiera, Goodenia
GrossulariaceaeRibes, Itea
GunneraceaeGunnera

H

FamilleGenre
HaemodoraceaeAnigozanthos
HaloragaceaeMyriophyllum
HamamelidaceaeCorylopsis, Distylium, Fothergilla, Hamamelis, Parrotiopsis, Disanthus, Loropetalum, Parrotia, Fortunearia, Sycopsis
HeliconiaceaeHeliconia
HelwingiaceaeHelwingia
HemerocallidaceaeHemerocallis
HippocastanaceaeAesculus
HippuridaceaeHippuris
HostaceaeHosta
HyacinthaceaeAlbuca, Camassia, Eucomis, Hyacinthus, Muscari, Drimiopsis, Lachenalia
HydrangeaceaeDeinanthe, Deutzia, Dichroa, Hydrangea, Philadelphus, Schizophragma, Carpenteria
HydrangeaeceaeKirengeshoma
HydrocharitaceaeEgeria, Elodea, Hydrilla, Hydrocharis, Najas, Stratiotes, Vallisneria, Limnobium, Lagarosiphon
HydrophyllaceaeEriodictyon, Phacelia, Decemium
HypericaceaeHypericum
HypoxidaceaeHypoxis, Rhodohypoxis

I

FamilleGenre
IlliciaceaeIllicium
IridaceaeBabiana, Crocosmia, Crocus, Dierama, Dietes, Gladiolus, Gynandriris, Hesperantha, Iris, Libertia, Romulea, Schizostylis, Sisyrinchium, Sparaxis, Tritonia, Cypella, Hermodactylus, Tigridia, Alophia, Aristea, Chasmanthe, Diplarrena, Freesia, Ixia, Melasphaerula, Moraea, Nemastylis, Neomarica, Olsynium, Orthrosanthus, Phalocallis, Trimezia, Watsonia
IsoetaceaeIsoetes
IxioliriaceaeIxiolirion

J

FamilleGenre
JuglandaceaeCarya, Juglans, Platycarya, Pterocarya
JuncaceaeJuncus, Luzula
JuncaginaceaeTriglochin

K

FamilleGenre
KrameriaceaeKrameria

L

FamilleGenre
LabiataeAcinos, Calamintha, Glechoma, Hyssopus, Marrubium, Melittis, Mentha, Monarda, Phlomis, Prostanthera, Prunella, Pycnanthemum, Teucrium, Hedeoma, Isodon, Lagochilus, Monardella, Perovskia, Plectranthus
LamiaceaeAgastache, Ajuga, Ballota, Cedronella, Chelonopsis, Clinopodium, Collinsonia, Conradina, Cunila, Dracocephalum, Elsholtzia, Galeopsis, Horminum, Lamium, Lavandula, Melissa, Micromeria, Nepeta, Ocimum, Origanum, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Satureja, Scutellaria, Sideritis, Stachys, Thymus, Vitex, Leonotis, Lycopus, Perilla, Physostegia, Blephilia, Colquhounia
LardizabalaceaeAkebia, Decaisnea, Holboellia, Lardizabala, Sinofranchetia, Stauntonia
LauraceaeCinnamomum, Laurus, Lindera, Persea, Beilschmiedia, Sassafras, Umbellularia
LecythidaceaeBarringtonia, Bertholletia, Couroupita
LeguminosaeAmorpha, Cercis, Galega, Gymnocladus, Hardenbergia, Indigofera, Lespedeza, Lotus, Sophora, Spartium, Wisteria, Cladrastis, Halimodendron, Kummerowia, Maackia, Millettia, Olneya, Onobrychis, Pachyrhizus, Psophocarpus, Psoralea, Pueraria, Thermopsis
LemnaceaeSpirodela
LentibulariaceaePinguicula, Utricularia
LiliaceaeAletris, Androstephium, Bloomeria, Calochortus, Cardiocrinum, Chlorogalum, Dichelostemma, Erythronium, Fritillaria, Gagea, Hesperocallis, Ipheion, Leucocrinum, Lilium, Liriope, Nothoscordum, Sprekelia, Streptopus, Tricyrtis, Tulipa, Convallaria, Galtonia, Tristagma, Caesia, Clinanthus, Lophiola, Milla, Nomocharis, Notholirion, Oncostema, Proiphys, Scadoxus, Stenanthium
LimnanthaceaeLimnanthes
LinaceaeLinum, Reinwardtia
LoasaceaeCevallia, Eucnide, Mentzelia
LoganiaceaeDesfontainia, Gelsemium, Fagraea, Spigelia
LomandraceaeLomandra
LoranthaceaeArceuthobium, Viscum
LycopodiaceaeDiphasiastrum, Lycopodium
LythraceaeCuphea, Lythrum, Lagerstroemia, Decodon, Heimia, Rotala

M

FamilleGenre
MagnoliaceaeLiriodendron, Magnolia
MalpighiaceaeBanisteriopsis, Byrsonima, Callaeum, Galphimia, Malpighia
MalvaceaeAbelmoschus, Abutilon, Alcea, Althaea, Alyogyne, Callirhoe, Hibiscus, Kosteletzkya, Lavatera, Malva, Anisodontea, Pachira, Anoda, Eremalche, Gynatrix, Hoheria, Malope, Malvastrum, Plagianthus, Sidalcea
MarantaceaeCalathea, Ctenanthe, Thalia, Ischnosiphon, Maranta
MarsileaceaeMarsilea, Pilularia
MelanthiaceaeChamaelirium, Veratrum, Helonias, Chionographis, Melanthium, Xerophyllum
MelastomataceaeMedinilla, Tibouchina, Centradenia, Heterotis, Rhexia
MeliaceaeToona, Azadirachta, Dysoxylum, Melia
MelianthaceaeMelianthus
MenispermaceaeCocculus, Menispermum
MenyanthaceaeMenyanthes, Nymphoides
MolluginaceaeCorrigiola, Mollugo
MonimiaceaeAtherosperma, Peumus
MontiaceaeMontia
MoraceaeBroussonetia, Cudrania, Ficus, Maclura, Morus, Antiaris, Artocarpus, Dorstenia, Fatoua
MorinaceaeMorina
MusaceaeEnsete, Musa, Musella, Ravenala
MyoporaceaeEremophila, Myoporum
MyricaceaeComptonia, Myrica
MyrsinaceaeArdisia
MyrtaceaeAmomyrtus, Angophora, Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Feijoa, Myrtus, Chamelaucium, Leptospermum, Metrosideros, Agonis, Astartea, Backhousia, Baeckea, Beaufortia, Calothamnus, Calyptranthes, Calytrix, Corymbia, Eugenia, Kunzea, Lophomyrtus, Luma, Melaleuca, Mosiera, Psidium, Syncarpia, Syzygium

N

FamilleGenre
NartheciaceaeNarthecium
NelumbonaceaeNelumbo
NepenthaceaeNepenthes
NitrariaceaePeganum
NolinaceaeCalibanus
NothofagaceaeNothofagus
NyctaginaceaeAbronia, Boerhavia, Mirabilis, Allionia, Bougainvillea
NymphaeaceaeEuryale, Nuphar, Nymphaea, Victoria
NyssaceaeDavidia, Camptotheca

O

FamilleGenre
OleaceaeAbeliophyllum, Chionanthus, Forestiera, Forsythia, Fraxinus, Jasminum, Ligustrum, Olea, Osmanthus, Phillyrea, Syringa, Menodora
OnagraceaeCircaea, Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Gaura, Ludwigia, Oenothera, Calylophus, Eulobus
OnocleaceaeOnoclea
OphioglossaceaeBotrychium, Ophioglossum
OrchidaceaeAnacamptis, Aplectrum, Bletilla, Calypso, Cephalanthera, Chamorchis, Corallorhiza, Cypripedium, Dactylorhiza, Dendrobium, Epipactis, Epipogium, Goodyera, Ophrys, Orchis, Platanthera, Pleione, Ansellia, Ada, Aerangis, Aerides, Angraecum, Anguloa, Arundina, Ascocentrum, Barkeria, Bletia, Brassia, Broughtonia, Bulbophyllum, Calanthe, Calopogon, Cattleya, Chiloschista, Chysis, Cleistesiopsis, Coelia, Coelogyne, Coryanthes, Cuitlauzina, Cyclopogon, Cycnoches, Cymbidium, Cyrtochilum, Cyrtopodium, Dendrochilum, Encyclia, Epidendrum, Euanthe, Eulophia, Gennaria, Guarianthe, Gymnadenia, Listera, Neotinea, Pescatoria, Sedirea, Serapias, Spathoglottis, Vanilla
OrobanchaceaeBartsia, Euphrasia, Orobanche, Rhinanthus, Boschniakia, Epifagus, Melampyrum, Parentucellia
OsmundaceaeOsmunda
OxalidaceaeOxalis, Averrhoa

P

FamilleGenre
PaeoniaceaePaeonia
PalmaeNannorrhops
PapaveraceaeArgemone, Chelidonium, Eschscholzia, Fumaria, Glaucium, Macleaya, Meconopsis, Papaver, Sanguinaria, Bocconia, Dactylicapnos, Eomecon, Hylomecon, Sarcocapnos
PassifloraceaePassiflora, Adenia
PedaliaceaeCeratotheca, Sesamum
PhilesiaceaeEustrephus, Lapageria, Geitonoplesium
PhormiaceaeDianella
PhrymaceaePhryma
PinaceaeAbies, Cedrus, Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga, Tsuga, Keteleeria, Pseudolarix
PiperaceaePiper, Peperomia
PittosporaceaeBillardiera, Bursaria, Pittosporum, Sollya
PlantaginaceaeAnarrhinum, Callitriche, Cymbalaria, Globularia, Kickxia, Linaria, Plantago, Sibthorpia, Veronica, Angelonia, Russelia
PlatanaceaePlatanus
PlumbaginaceaeArmeria, Ceratostigma, Limonium, Plumbago, Acantholimon, Goniolimon, Limoniastrum
PoaceaeAegilops, Aeluropus, Agrostis, Alopecurus, Ammophila, Ampelodesmos, Anthoxanthum, Apera, Arrhenatherum, Arundinaria, Arundinella, Arundo, Avena, Bambusa, Beckmannia, Bothriochloa, Bouteloua, Brachiaria, Brachypodium, Briza, Bromus, Calamagrostis, Catabrosa, Chasmanthium, Chimonobambusa, Chusquea, Cinna, Coix, Coleanthus, Cortaderia, Corynephorus, Crypsis, Cutandia, Cynodon, Cynosurus, Dactylis, Dactyloctenium, Danthonia, Dendrocalamus, Deschampsia, Dichelachne, Digitaria, Drepanostachyum, Echinochloa, Ehretia, Eleusine, Elymus, Elytrigia, Eragrostis, Fargesia, Festuca, Gaudinia, Glyceria, Hakonechloa, Helictotrichon, Heteropogon, Hierochloe, Hilaria, Himalayacalamus, Holcus, Hordelymus, Hordeum, Hyparrhenia, Hystrix, Imperata, Indocalamus, Koeleria, Lagurus, Lamarckia, Leersia, Leymus, Lolium, Melica, Milium, Miscanthus, Molinia, Muhlenbergia, Nardus, Oreochloa, Oryza, Oryzopsis, Otatea, Panicum, Parapholis, Paspalum, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phleum, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Pleioblastus, Poa, Polypogon, Pseudosasa, Puccinellia, Saccharum, Sasa, Sasaella, Sclerochloa, Secale, Semiarundinaria, Sesleria, Setaria, Shibataea, Sorghastrum, Sorghum, Spartina, Spodiopogon, Sporobolus, Stenotaphrum, Stipa, Taeniatherum, Thamnocalamus, Tripsacum, Trisetum, Triticum, Uniola, Vulpia, Yushania, Zea, Zizania, Zoysia, Cymbopogon, Lygeum, Melinis, Achnatherum, Agropyron, Aira, Aristida, Buchloe, Calamovilfa, Chionochloa, Chrysopogon, Dasyochloa, Dichanthelium, Distichlis, Ehrharta, Eremochloa, Eustachys, Guadua, Hainardia, Ischaemum, Lasiacis, Leptochloa, Microstegium, Nassella, Piptatherum, Pogonatherum, Schismus, Schizachyrium, Sinobambusa, Themeda, Tridens, Andropogon
PodocarpaceaeDacrycarpus, Dacrydium, Afrocarpus, Microcachrys, Nageia, Phyllocladus, Podocarpus, Prumnopitys
PolemoniaceaeCollomia, Phlox, Polemonium, Cantua, Cobaea, Ipomopsis
PolygalaceaePolygala
PolygonaceaeAtraphaxis, Calligonum, Emex, Eriogonum, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria, Polygonum, Rheum, Rumex, Antigonon, Chorizanthe, Coccoloba, Muehlenbeckia, Oxyria
PolypodiaceaeMatteuccia, Platycerium, Polypodium, Drynaria, Microsorum, Nephrolepis
PolytrichaceaePolytrichum
PontederiaceaeEichhornia, Heteranthera, Pontederia, Monochoria
PortulacaceaeCalandrinia, Claytonia, Portulaca, Lewisia, Anacampseros, Avonia, Ceraria
PotamogetonaceaePotamogeton, Zannichellia
PrimulaceaeAnagallis, Androsace, Coris, Cortusa, Cyclamen, Dodecatheon, Glaux, Hottonia, Lysimachia, Primula, Samolus, Soldanella, Trientalis, Myrsine, Dionysia
ProteaceaeBanksia, Embothrium, Macadamia, Protea, Dryandra, Gevuina, Grevillea, Hakea, Isopogon, Knightia, Persoonia, Telopea
PteridaceaeCheilanthes, Acrostichum, Astrolepis
PunicaceaePunica

R

FamilleGenre
RanunculaceaeAconitum, Actaea, Adonis, Anemone, Anemonella, Aquilegia, Callianthemum, Caltha, Cimicifuga, Clematis, Consolida, Coptis, Delphinium, Eranthis, Helleborus, Hepatica, Hydrastis, Isopyrum, Myosurus, Nigella, Pulsatilla, Ranunculus, Semiaquilegia, Thalictrum, Trollius, Xanthorhiza, Ficaria, Trautvetteria
ResedaceaeReseda
RestionaceaeElegia
RhamnaceaeBerchemia, Ceanothus, Colletia, Condalia, Rhamnus, Ziziphus, Frangula, Colubrina, Hovenia, Paliurus
RosaceaeAcaena, Adenostoma, Agrimonia, Alchemilla, Amelanchier, Aphanes, Aronia, Aruncus, Cercocarpus, Chaenomeles, Coluria, Cotoneaster, Crataegus, Cydonia, Dryas, Duchesnea, Eriobotrya, Fallugia, Filipendula, Fragaria, Geum, Gillenia, Holodiscus, Kerria, Malus, Margyricarpus, Mespilus, Neillia, Oemleria, Osteomeles, Peraphyllum, Photinia, Physocarpus, Phytolacca, Potentilla, Prinsepia, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, Quillaja, Rhaphiolepis, Rhodotypos, Rosa, Rubus, Sanguisorba, Sibbaldia, Sorbaria, Sorbus, Spiraea, Stephanandra, Waldsteinia, Chamaebatia, Coleogyne, Exochorda, Heteromeles, Luetkea, Lyonothamnus, Neviusia, Petrophytum, Polylepis, Porteranthus, Pseudocydonia, Purshia, Vauquelinia
RubiaceaeAsperula, Cephalanthus, Coprosma, Crucianella, Cruciata, Galium, Nertera, Rubia, Sherardia, Theligonum, Coffea, Pentas, Bikkia, Bouvardia, Cinchona, Diodia, Ernodea, Gardenia, Houstonia, Hydnophytum, Mitchella, Mussaenda, Phuopsis
RuscaceaeBeaucarnea
RutaceaeBoenninghausenia, Boronia, Choisya, Citrus, Correa, Dictamnus, Eriostemon, Fortunella, Poncirus, Ptelea, Ruta, Skimmia, Agathosma, Amyris, Calodendrum, Casimiroa, Cneoridium, Crowea, Erythrochiton, Geijera, Murraya, Orixa, Phellodendron, Philotheca, Tetradium, Zanthoxylum, Zieria

S

FamilleGenre
SalicaceaePopulus, Salix
SalviniaceaeSalvinia
SantalaceaeComandra, Geocaulon, Leptomeria, Santalum
SapindaceaeCardiospermum, Dodonaea, Koelreuteria, Litchi, Sapindus, Blighia, Cupania, Cupaniopsis, Exothea, Nephelium, Xanthoceras
SapotaceaeArgania, Chrysophyllum, Planchonella, Synsepalum
SarraceniaceaeSarracenia, Darlingtonia
SaururaceaeAnemopsis, Houttuynia, Saururus
SaxifragaceaeAstilbe, Astilboides, Bergenia, Boykinia, Chrysosplenium, Darmera, Rodgersia, Tellima, Tiarella, Parnassia, Heuchera, Saxifraga, Tolmiea
SchisandraceaeSchisandra, Kadsura
SciadopityaceaeSciadopitys
ScrophulariaceaeAgalinis, Bacopa, Buddleja, Calceolaria, Chelone, Diascia, Digitalis, Erinus, Gratiola, Hebe, Mazus, Mimulus, Penstemon, Scrophularia, Verbascum, Veronicastrum, Antirrhinum, Paulownia, Alonsoa, Asarina, Aureolaria, Besseya, Buchnera, Castilleja, Chaenorhinum, Collinsia, Dasistoma, Dermatobotrys, Nemesia, Parahebe, Pedicularis, Phygelius, Sutera, Zaluzianskya
SelaginellaceaeSelaginella
SimaroubaceaeAilanthus, Picrasma
SmilacaceaeSmilax, Ripogonum
SolanaceaeAtropa, Brugmansia, Capsicum, Chamaesaracha, Cyphomandra, Datura, Fabiana, Hyoscyamus, Lycium, Lycopersicon, Nicandra, Nicotiana, Physalis, Solanum, Anisodus, Browallia, Brunfelsia, Cestrum, Salpichroa, Salpiglossis, Scopolia
SparganiaceaeSparganium
StaphyleaceaeStaphylea
SterculiaceaeBrachychiton, Cola, Dombeya, Firmiana, Fremontodendron
StrelitziaceaeStrelitzia
StyracaceaeStyrax, Halesia, Pterostyrax
SymplocaceaeSymplocos

T

FamilleGenre
TaccaceaeTacca
TamaricaceaeMyricaria, Tamarix
TaxaceaeTaxus
TaxodiaceaeCryptomeria, Cunninghamia, Metasequoia, Sequoïadendron, Taxodium, Sequoia, Athrotaxis, Glyptostrobus
TecophilaeaceaeCyanella
TheaceaeCamellia, Eurya, Stewartia, Franklinia, Cleyera
ThelypteridaceaeThelypteris
ThymelaeaceaeDaphne, Dirca, Edgeworthia, Pimelea
TiliaceaeCorchorus, Entelea, Tilia, Clappertonia, Sparmannia
TrapaceaeTrapa
TrilliaceaeParis, Trillium, Medeola
TropaeolaceaeTropaeolum
TyphaceaeTypha

U

FamilleGenre
UlmaceaeAphananthe, Celtis, Hemiptelea, Ulmus, Zelkova, Pteroceltis
UmbelliferaeSeseli
UrticaceaeBoehmeria, Parietaria, Soleirolia, Urtica, Debregeasia, Laportea, Pilea
UvulariaceaeUvularia

V

FamilleGenre
ValerianaceaeCentranthus, Fedia, Patrinia, Valerianella
VerbenaceaeAloysia, Callicarpa, Caryopteris, Clerodendrum, Duranta, Lantana, Lippia, Verbena, Avicennia, Citharexylum, Congea, Cornutia
ViolaceaeViola, Melicytus
VitaceaeAmpelopsis, Parthenocissus, Vitis, Cissus, Cyphostemma

W

FamilleGenre
WinteraceaeDrimys, Tasmannia
WoodsiaceaeAthyrium, Cystopteris, Diplazium, Gymnocarpium

X

FamilleGenre
XanthorrhoeaceaeXanthorrhoea
XyridaceaeXyris

Z

FamilleGenre
ZamiaceaeEncephalartos, Ceratozamia, Dioon
ZingiberaceaeAlpinia, Cautleya, Curcuma, Hedychium, Aframomum, Boesenbergia, Burbidgea, Elettaria, Etlingera, Roscoea, Zingiber
ZosteraceaeZostera
ZygophyllaceaeTribulus, Zygophyllum, Fagonia, Larrea
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